- Ben Nighthorse Campbell, a Cheyenne who served in the U.S. Senate
- Ada Deer, a Menominee who was the first woman head of the Bureau of Indian Affairs
- Winona LaDuke, an Anishinaabe activist who was Ralph Nader's running mate twice
- Phillip Martin, a Choctaw who led his people to economic prosperity
- Russell Means, a Sioux activist who has also appeared in movies
- David Salmon, an Athabascan chief and Episcopal priest
Saturday, January 31, 2009
Friday, January 30, 2009
NOTE: Any note that starts with the word “Importance” is explaining strategy. The rest are explaining rules. So if you know the basic rules, just concentrate on the strategy stuff.
1. Basics: The field is 100 yards long. The object is to get down the field into your opponent’s end zone to score. Teams do that in 10-yard increments. When a team has the ball, it has four tries, called downs, to move 10 yards. When it doesn’t make 10 yards, it has to give the ball to the other team. When it succeeds in moving 10 yards, the team is said to have “made first down,” and it receives four more downs to go another 10 yards. NOTE: The starting line of any play is called the line of scrimmage.
2. Fourth Down: As noted above, teams have four downs to travel 10 yards. Usually, if a team doesn’t make the 10 yards in three downs, they will punt the ball to the other team on fourth down. They don’t have to do this. They can keep trying to move the ball, but that can be risky. If they don’t make the full 10 yards on fourth down, they have to give the ball to the opposing team’s offense at the spot of the last play. This usually gives the other team a good field position. Teams usually only go for fourth down if they have very small yardage to make.
4. Importance of Field Position: When people talk about field position, they mean that teams gain advantage from starting as close to their opponent’s end zone as possible. Kickoffs and punts are the main way to give your opponent bad field position. If you can force a team to start near their own end zone, they have to move 90 or more yards down the field, which is very difficult to accomplish. If, however, they start from the 30 or 40 yard line, they have only 60 or 70 yards to go. NOTE: When you hear people talk about special teams, they are most often talking about what happens during kickoffs and punts.
5. Importance of Third Down: Because teams usually use fourth down to punt, one way to evaluate teams is by how well they can “convert third down,” which means how well they reach their goal of making 10 yards on the third down. You will often hear the phrase “third and long.” That means the team did not do well on their first two downs, and they still have over half the 10 yards to gain on third down. Teams don’t usually get many first downs if they consistently find themselves in “third and long.”
6. Types of Offense: Basically, there are three types of offensive plays: running with the ball, throwing the ball to another player, and kicking field goals. The quarterback initiates the first two types of plays. NOTE: Touchdowns are 6 points. Teams are then given an extra play to try to add onto their points. They can add a single extra point by kicking the ball through the goal posts or add 2 points by completing a run or pass into the end zone.
• For running plays, the QB hands the ball to a running back. Because the goal is to make 10 yards in three downs, a run needs to gain at least three yards to be considered good.
• For passing plays, the QB throws, or passes, the ball to a wide receiver, a tight end, or sometimes a running back. The player who catches the ball tries to run to the end zone, while the opposing defense tries to stop him. Announcers will name a lot of types of routes, but it isn’t necessary for a casual fan to understand them to appreciate the game. Usually (but not always) passing plays gain more yardage than running plays. For that reason, coaches usually call a pass play on third and long (unless they are afraid of turning the ball over).
• If the offense gets within approximately 32 yards of the end zone, they are in kicking range. (This range can be longer or shorter, depending on the kicker.) If the team is within this range and does not convert on third down, they will usually try to kick a field goal (kicking the ball through the goal posts). Field goals are worth 3 points.
7. Defense: The point of defense is to stop the other team from gaining yards and ultimately to keep them from the end zone. But to be effective, a defense has to try to guess what type of play the offense is going to make.
• If they guess that it will be a running play, they are more likely to play closer to the opposing team to try to halt the runner as close to the line of scrimmage as possible.
• If they guess that it is a pass play, they are more likely to spread out to prevent the other team from catching the ball and then running into the end zone.
• There are many variations on defense. One important play is the blitz, in which numerous players rush toward the quarterback to try to stop him from initiating a play. If the quarterback is knocked to the ground behind the line of scrimmage while he still has the ball, it’s called a sack. The offense has to move the line of scrimmage back to where the quarterback went down. This means they have to go even farther to make first down.
• In the most basic terms, a safety occurs when the defense causes the offense to make a mistake when they are backed up in their own end zone. When a defense causes a safety, it receives 2 points and the possession of the ball.
8. The Importance of Balanced Offense: Basically, this means that teams try to balance the number of running plays with the number of passing plays. Most teams lean a bit more to one or the other. The Bears are historically a running team. With Peyton Manning, the Colts are a great passing team. But no team can afford to do just one kind of play because that it makes it too easy for the defense. If all a team does is run, the defense doesn’t have to guess. It just always sends its defense in close to the line of scrimmage. If all a team does is pass, the defense can spread out its players and defend against big throws. A good offense mixes up plays to confuse the opponent and force them to cover more ground.
9. The Importance of Turnovers: When a defense takes the ball away from the offense, that’s a turnover. It can be done in several ways. A running back or quarterback can fumble, or drop, the ball. Another type of fumble is when the defensive player rips the ball out of an offensive player’s hands. Or a defensive player can catch a ball that was being thrown to an offensive player. Turnovers mean the other team gets to go on offense, usually with good field position. Some people think the MOST important statistic in determining outcome of games is the turnover ratio. Usually, the team with fewer turnovers wins. NOTE: A dropped pass is not a fumble. It’s just an incomplete throw and does not cause a turnover.
10. The Importance of the Offensive and Defensive Lines: This is probably the last part of the game that casual fans figure out. The front line of the offense and the front line of the defense don’t do the glamour work of throwing, catching, or running, but they often determine the outcome of the game. The big guys up front on the offensive line have two crucial jobs: they knock holes in the defensive line so running backs can get through and they act as a wall protecting the quarterback from getting pressured or hurt. The defensive line, on the other hand, has the two jobs of trying to put pressure on the quarterback (so he cannot throw or so that he throws quickly and inaccurately) and of bringing the running back down so he can’t gain any yards. When announcers say that the game is won or lost at the line of scrimmage, they are talking about how well the offensive line and defensive lines hold their ground.
Thursday, January 29, 2009
Wednesday, January 28, 2009
Tuesday, January 27, 2009
Hmmm. Studies have shown that one thing that makes a women more sizzling is confidence. (Isn't that partially what all that cougar nonsense is about?) Ahem. Anyway, one thing that brings confidence is knowledge . . . and voila, that is where reading comes in. I've never been the kind of person to want to hide my mind just to attract someone. If a man can't be attracted to me for my intelligence, he's not worth the effort of relationship building. (Tart words, I know, but that's the way I've felt since I was a very young woman.)
Reading also helps broaden one's horizons, spark one's passions (of all varieties), and fuel one's dreams. What can be better nurturing for a relationship than that?
Have I sufficiently made my case?
Now I get to pass on the award to others.
Monday, January 26, 2009
Saturday, January 24, 2009
Friday, January 23, 2009
Thursday, January 22, 2009
I'm feeling a little experimental this morning. Here's a video of my boy at play. Can you tell he's half schnauzer? He won't give up his toys unless he thinks there is a chance of getting another one. LOL (The camera bob is me picking up another barbell to throw.)
Tuesday, January 20, 2009
During all the recent controversy about Obama asking Rick Warren to deliver the inaugural invocation, Quaker Dave came up with an alternate idea. He asked other bloggers to post their own invocations on this day.
O Lord our God, save us from the sins of violence, greed, hatred, pride, arrogance, and lust for power. Teach us instead to be a people of compassion, justice, mercy, equity, and generosity. Show us how to protect our many freedoms without impinging on the freedoms of others. Help us to respect the humanity of all your people and to work tirelessly for every human being to share equally in the rights and the liberties that we ourselves enjoy.
Most especially, we pray for President-Elect Obama and Vice-President-Elect Biden on this day. Grant them wisdom, honor, integrity, and strength. Help them to know and do your will. Guide them in the enormous task of leading this country during difficult times. Keep them in safety and good health. Help them to work to unify this country and to inspire us with their own examples. Fill them with the love of truth and righteousness, and make them ever mindful of their calling to serve this people and not their own ambitions.
We commend our nation to your merciful care.
Monday, January 19, 2009
Saturday, January 17, 2009
Friday, January 16, 2009
Here's the cleverly written text of the award: "These blogs are exceedingly charming. These kind bloggers aim to find and be friends. They are not interested in self-aggrandizement. Our hope is that when the ribbons of these prizes are cut, even more friendships are propagated. Please give more attention to these writers. Deliver this award to eight bloggers who must choose eight more and include this cleverly-written text into the body of their award."
Thursday, January 15, 2009
In general, I think police procedurals set in England are my favorite types of mysteries. Except for Agatha Christie's Miss Marple, I don't have a lot of patience with the conceit of the amateur sleuth who just happens to stumble upon a murder every six months or so. (That's the one problem I have with the Goldy Schultz series, but so far, the author has managed to keep me reading anyway.)
The first mystery series that really hooked me was the Adam Dagliesh series by P.D. James. If you're anything like me, you like to read a series in order. The first book in that set is Cover Her Face (Adam Dalgliesh Mysteries, No. 1) I haven't read the newest one.
After I read all the Dagliesh mysteries that were published at that time, I tried a few other series and couldn't find anything as good. I mentioned that to my brother Carl, who also read mysteries, and he laughed at me because I'd started with the Cadillac of mystery writers. He strongly recommended the Inspector Morse series, but I'm ashamed to admit that I didn't read the books until after Carl died and I inherited his copies. (I'm going to stop linking to books here. All of the series I'll be mentioning are easy to find.) Reading the Inspector Morse series was a bittersweet experience because I realized almost immediately that my late brother must have identified with the main character. Both men were late middle-age bachelors who liked women but wouldn't commit and consequently lived as loners. Both drank too much (although Carl did go off alcohol eventually). Both loved classical music and crossword puzzles with a passion. It was quite eerie.
From Carl, I also inherited all the Dick Francis mysteries, which aren't a series exactly, since he uses a different main character in almost every book. And yet they're not really that different. Dick Francis definitely has a "type" of hero: brave, decent, persevering, intelligent, . . . and romantic. I enjoyed the books immensely and still buy each new one that comes out.
Anne Perry has two series set in Victorian England: one features Thomas Pitt and his wife Charlotte and the other features William Monk. The Monk series is darker than the Pitt series. I like them both quite a bit, although I haven't checked for new entries in two or three years. The details about Victorian life are fascinating in these novels.
The other series I try to keep up with is the Thomas Lynley series by Elizabeth George. I haven't read the latest of hers either, but I plan to read it soon.
Wednesday, January 14, 2009
Tuesday, January 13, 2009
My longtime friend Mark Nielsen posted this over at Marking Time, and I thought it was cute so I stole it for here.
1. Put your iTunes or other music player on shuffle.
2. For each question, press the next button to get your answer.
3. YOU MUST WRITE THAT SONG NAME DOWN NO MATTER HOW SILLY IT SOUNDS! (Add some commentary if you’d like.)
IF SOMEONE SAYS “IS THIS OKAY” YOU SAY??
"What I Want" (Daughtry)
WHAT WOULD BEST DESCRIBE YOUR PERSONALITY?
"Lost" (Annie Lennox)
WHAT DO YOU LIKE IN A GUY/GIRL?
"Away in the Manger"
WHAT IS YOUR LIFE’S PURPOSE?
"Jerusalem" (Don McLean)
WHAT IS YOUR MOTTO?
WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT VERY OFTEN?
"Occuli Omnium" (Benedictine monks)
WHAT IS 2+2?
"Dawn of a New Century" (Secret Garden)
WHAT DO YOU THINK OF YOUR BEST FRIENDS?
"Fatally Beautiful" (T Bone Burnett)
WHAT DO YOU THINK OF THE PERSON YOU LIKE?
"Vincent" (Don McLean)
WHAT IS YOUR LIFE STORY?
"Heal Over" K.T. Tunstall
WHAT DO YOU WANT TO BE WHEN YOU GROW UP?
"The Lion in Winter" (film score)
WHAT DO YOU THINK WHEN YOU SEE THE PERSON YOU LIKE?
"The First Noel"
WHAT DO YOUR PARENTS THINK OF YOU?
WHAT WILL YOU DANCE TO AT YOUR WEDDING?
"NaLaetha Geal M'oige" (Enya again; I guess it means "Days of my Youth")
WHAT WILL THEY PLAY AT YOUR FUNERAL?
"Going Up the Country" (Canned Heat)
WHAT IS YOUR HOBBY/INTEREST?
"Set the Fire to the Third Bar" (Snow Patrol)
WHAT DO YOU THINK OF YOUR FRIENDS?
"I Want to Know What Love Is" (Foreigner)
WHAT’S THE WORST THING THAT COULD HAPPEN?
"Late in the Evening" (Simon & Garfunkel)
HOW WILL YOU DIE?
"Unforgiven" (movie score . . . and Gee whiz, I sure hope not)
WHAT IS THE ONE THING YOU REGRET?
"Wheels Within Wheels" (Kate Campbell)
WHAT MAKES YOU LAUGH?
"Kodachrome" (Simon & Garfunkel)
WHAT MAKES YOU CRY?
WILL YOU EVER GET MARRIED?
WHAT SCARES YOU THE MOST?
"A Hard Day's Night"
DOES ANYONE LIKE YOU?
IF YOU COULD GO BACK IN TIME, WHAT WOULD YOU CHANGE?
"Kill Zone" (T Bone Burnett)
WHAT HURTS RIGHT NOW?
WHAT WILL YOU POST THIS AS?
"Santa Claus Is Coming to Town"
Monday, January 12, 2009
Sunday, January 11, 2009
Hmmm . . . "with flavor packs." Somehow, that's not too reassuring.
Saturday, January 10, 2009
Day +21, our 192nd day here....
Drum Roll Please...........Evan's marrow is 100% Mommy's!!!!! WOOOOHOOOO, yeah Ev! Evan had a big smile on his face when Darci told him. He found out first, but I too had a big smile on his face. I also know Chris did by the tone of his voice over the phone. We soooo needed that good news today.
Evan also was granted a two hour pass this afternoon. He decided he wanted to have nuggets and fries and go to RMH for a bit. He was super wiped out when we were coming back and the walk to his room was a bit difficult for him. His back and hips were bothering him, but once he is moving more he will feel much better. If we take pass again soon I think we will convince him to us a wheelchair. He was really good about wearing the backpack with his pumps until it started to hurt and then mommy carried it. He took almost a two hour nap once he was back in his room and is now finishing Star Wars Episode 1 before we turn in for the night.
Ian is still doing better. He still doesn't look back to normal, however, he looks much better than he did on Monday. The repeat blood culture did indeed come back positive with Gram Positive Cocci Clusters, so he will be here through his ten day course of Vanco. He is doing really well with Grandma Shirley, he just loves to be with her. I am not sure what we would do without her, she is pretty darn amazing. I sure don't think she ever fathomed all that the last six + months have entailed. Then again none of us did.
Chris is busy getting things lined up at home with all the remodeling projects that need to be completed before Evan can come home. He will be up tomorrow and over the weekend so that will be nice. We miss him when he is not here, but he is working hard for us to be able to come home soon.
Well, Ev's movie should be over soon and then it's lights out. Thank you all for your wonderful guestbook entries, we look forward to them as they truly lift us up. It means so much to us to have you all in our lives, you have each touched us and will never be forgotten!! Good night and God Bless.
FRIDAY, JANUARY 09, 2009 09:23 PM, CST
Day +23, our 194th day here...
For some reason many of you did not get notification of the last post, please make sure you read it if you haven't. Sorry for not posting last night, I was just beat.
Evan has had a good day. He had a chest and sinus CT this afternoon. His cough has progressively gotten a touch worse and his "allergy shiners (sinus symptom) are starting to come back again. His chest looked good and his sinus' pretty much look the same. They decided to try him on Nasonex and if things get worse he will go back into the OR to be drained. His calcium has been low the past couple days, so they have tripled his calcium supplement today. Dr. Dave decided to hold the other big changes until after the weekend, only minor changes will be done barring no new issues over the weekend.
Ian looks much better! He was supposed to have his G-tube switched to his new AMT Mini button today, but they have decided to wait and do it with sedation. Due to his current respiratory infection, he will not be cleared for sedation for a month or so. We had a great appt wtih Dr. Trapane (Genetics) and Deb (his Special Needs Nurse) yesterday. We are going to try him on some of the Mito Cocktail and see if that does anything. We are still waiting on the final choices and dosing, but I will let you know when I hear. It also appears that Ian may have a iodine deficiency. This is very rare in this county, however, when you don't eat and are TPN dependent things are a bit different!! I am waiting in the final word on this as well, I briefly spoke to Dr. Karkos (one of the Special Needs Physicians) this afternoon and will know more probably early next week. There was more, but I will save things until we know more so I don't totally confuse you all.
Well, I am going to try and get to sleep by 10:00 since Chris is here right now. I need to make sure I don't get sick or we are in big trouble! I will update more tomorrow some time. Please pray that Bradley's fevers go away quickly (he is also fighting HHV6) as he is having a very difficult time right now. I am sure his parents Jon and Tina and his sister Bree could also use prayers as this is not easy for them either. Good night and God Bless.
Friday, January 9, 2009
The other day, I read a Rilke poem that just blew me away. I decided to share it without explanation.
Extinguish my eyes, I'll go on seeing you.
Seal my ears, I'll go on hearing you.
And without feet I can make my way to you,
without a mouth I can swear your name.
Break off my arms, I'll take hold of you
with my heart as with a hand.
Stop my heart, and my brain will start to beat.
And if you consume my brain with fire,
I'll feel you burn in every drop of my blood.
from Rilke's Book of Hours: Love Poems to God translated by Anita Barrows and Joanna Macy
Thursday, January 8, 2009
Wednesday, January 7, 2009
'A cold coming we had of it,
Just the worst time of the year
For a journey, and such a journey:
The ways deep and the weather sharp,
The very dead of winter.'
And the camels galled, sore-footed, refractory,
Lying down in the melting snow.
There were times we regretted
The summer palaces on slopes, the terraces,
And the silken girls bringing sherbet.
Then the camel men cursing and grumbling
And running away, and wanting their liquor and women,
And the night-fires going out, and the lack of shelters,
And the cities hostile and the towns unfriendly
And the villages dirty and charging high prices:
A hard time we had of it.
At the end we preferred to travel all night,
Sleeping in snatches,
With the voices in our ears, saying
That this was all folly.
Then at dawn we came down to a temperate valley,
Wet, below the snow line, smelling of vegetation;
With a running stream and a water-mill beating the darkness,
And three trees on the low sky,
And an old white horse galloped away in the meadow.
Then we came to a tavern with vine-leaves over the lintel,
Six hands at an open door dicing for pieces of silver,
And feet kicking the empty wine-skins.
But there was no information, and so we continued
And arrived at evening, not a moment too soon
Finding the place; it was (you may say) satisfactory.
All this was a long time ago, I remember,
And I would do it again, but set down
This set down
This: were we led all that way for
Birth or Death? There was a Birth, certainly,
We had evidence and no doubt. I had seen birth and death,
But had thought they were different; this Birth was
Hard and bitter agony for us, like Death, our death.
We returned to our places, these Kingdoms,
But no longer at ease here, in the old dispensation,
With an alien people clutching their gods.
I should be glad of another death.
~T. S. Eliot
Tuesday, January 6, 2009
Monday, January 5, 2009
Each of my parents had many strengths, but because they were constantly in conflict, they never learned to use their complementary skills to form a good partnership. My dad was a hard-working man and was great at meeting people, but he couldn't organize his money or his time to save his life. So in addition to her emotional problems, my mother had the very real challenge of having a spouse who didn't complete household repairs or help keep the family solvent. Things were always tight financially. The house was in a constant state of disrepair. My parents fought a lot.
One reason I felt all this so keenly is that my mother used me as her confidante for all her discontent. Also, from the time I was ten, I had sole responsibility for the after-school care for my younger brother and for getting dinner made. I was expected to be a model student because I was told from the time I was three or four that I was going to college. I also felt the self-imposed burden of trying to make my family happier by doing such things as planning holiday surprises . As absurd as it sounds, I felt responsible for holding that family together.